Six Facts on Haiti’s Healthcare System

  • According to the CIA World Factbook, the life expectancy at birth is 65.3 years, which places Haiti at the 194th place compared to the rest of the world.1
  • As of 2018, 160 000 Haitians were living with HIV, with women being disproportionally affected by the virus (58%). Overall, 67% of people living with HIV knew their status, and 58% of people living with HIV were on treatment.2
  • As of 2017, only 41% of infants, age 12 to 23 months received all basic immunization shots.3
  • The health care delivery system is structured into three levels: primary care is provided at some 800 health centers and 45 community reference hospitals; 10 departmental hospitals provide secondary care; and five university hospitals and three specialized centers provide tertiary care.4
  • Of the 900 health institutions, 38% are public, 42% are private, and 20% are mixed.4
  • One of the priorities within Haiti’s Strategic Development Plan is the establishment of a health system accessible to all. Only 53% of Haitians reportedly have access to health facilities as of 2017.4,5


  1. CIA. (2020). World FactBook: Haiti. Retrieved October 24, 2020, from
  2. UNAIDS. (2020). Overview on Haiti. Retrieved October 24, 2020 , from
  3. Ministry of Public Health and Population. (2018). Mortality, Morbidity and Use of Services (EMMUS-VI) 2016-2017 Summary report. Retrieved October 24, 2020, from
  4. Pan American Health Organization. (2017). Haiti. Retrieved October 31, 2020 from
  5. UNICEF. (2019). Factsheets. Retrieved October 24, 2020, from

By: Jennifer Shu Ping Chen

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